• List of Articles Technology

      • Open Access Article

        1 - Systematic analysis risk taking effects on innovations in science & technology Park of Pardis
        amin nedaei omidali kharazmi
        The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence risk and systematic review of the effectiveness of risk in promoting innovation and current assessment of risk in science and technology park. The population consisted of 105 experts from the park and Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence risk and systematic review of the effectiveness of risk in promoting innovation and current assessment of risk in science and technology park. The population consisted of 105 experts from the park and the 68 experts were selected through random sampling. The method analytical, first national-local system of innovation has been examined and described, then, participation and its formation procedure has been examined, through the next step, key causes effecting participation are extracted. After that, according to key causes affecting participation and their effects on city innovation, conceptual research model in a systematic way is presented. During the next phase, the conceptual model is evaluated by quantitive and qualitive study in the Pardis Science and Technology. The results show a variety of causes affect citizens participation, likewise these causes by reinforcing involvement. Influence innovation characteristics in cities and pave the way in providing dynamic atmosphere and creative to develop innovation in cities. Moreover, it was shown that their will not enhance the innovation significantly and barriers reinforcing participation in society shield be identified and revealed. Manuscript Document
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        2 - The study of determinant capabilities for creating the area of educative technology transmission in Islamic Azad Universities of Mazandaran in 2013
        مریم فقیه نصیری kiumars niazazari
        Abstract Educative technology is a systematic method of planning, implementing and evaluating the whole teaching and learning process, which is modulated and implemented, based on some special goals in a knowledge-creation way to provide more instruction that is effect Full Text
        Abstract Educative technology is a systematic method of planning, implementing and evaluating the whole teaching and learning process, which is modulated and implemented, based on some special goals in a knowledge-creation way to provide more instruction that is effective. Using this technology, technology transmission is done in a where other than its initial place. This research is developed to study determinant capabilities to make the background of transmitting the educative technology in the Islamic Azad Universities of Mazandaran. Research method is a surveying kind of descriptive research. The faculty of Mazandaran University is of 1700 members. The method of randomly sampling is graded and on the basis of Jersey and Morgan Table 313 persons were chosen to determine the sample. The accumulated data from questionnaire is done by verified tools. Admissibility of content is used to determine the extent of admissibility, and its constancy is examined by Keronbakh alpha coefficient and 0.819 is calculated. The research data is analyzed by both levels of descriptive statistical in order to determine the frequency and mean percentage, standard deviation- curvature and extension- minimum and maximum and diagram, and deductive statistical level in order to analyze multi-variance regression exam, factorization and internal analogy. Analyzing the data showed that the degree of variance, which the capability of interface consisted of acquiring information and knowledge, learning, learning-detergent, explains that the technology transmission is more than other capabilities and conceptualizes the level of variance by leap frog exam (α Manuscript Document
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        3 - Study of Interactions between Universities, Industries and Government as Main Innovation Actors of National Innovation System of Iran (Research Study in Khorasan Razavi State)
        SEYEDREZA HAGHI ahmad sabahi
        Enjoying an effective national innovation system, is one of the most important factors affecting rapid expansion of economy in developing countries. Offering an innovation in products, processing, marketing, resources of materials and other inputs, and industrial organi Full Text
        Enjoying an effective national innovation system, is one of the most important factors affecting rapid expansion of economy in developing countries. Offering an innovation in products, processing, marketing, resources of materials and other inputs, and industrial organizing is provided by an effective national innovation system.In this research, Innovation interactions between universities, industries and government as main actors of national innovation system of Iran are studied. Based on the thesis, The potential of universities to solve the problems of industries is very good but interaction between industries, universities and government is weak. This article focuses on innovation interactives between actors of national innovation system of Iran. According to innovation system theory, innovation and technology development are results of a complex set of relationships among actors in the system, which includes enterprises, universities and government research institutes. At the first stage of initiation, the authors have studied library resources, articles and Internet information network, based on OECD research class category. The second stage of initiation is a field research investigation through designed questionnaires and interviews with 100 persons of policymakers, officials, executives and various related national innovation system at Khorasan Razavi State and Mashhad in Iran. Finaly, some strategic recommrndations for improving the interactions between main actors of national innovation system of Iran and the institutional mapping of Innovation model are suggested . Manuscript Document
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        4 - Studying the relationship between knowledge management and effective transfer of technology
        عباس رفیعی mostafa jafari peyman akhavan
        The aim of the research is to identify knowledge factors effective in designing and absorbing technology in knowledge-based centers and manufacturing industries, and to survey the effect of knowledge management on each factor, and successful technology transfer. The res Full Text
        The aim of the research is to identify knowledge factors effective in designing and absorbing technology in knowledge-based centers and manufacturing industries, and to survey the effect of knowledge management on each factor, and successful technology transfer. The research method is descriptive of correlation type. In this research, using a simple stochastic method ,151 active people in technology transfer were selected from among scientific and research groups and 277 were selected from among large manufacturing industries. The data for the research were collected through questionnaires. Confirmed construct and factorial analysis were used to determine the validity, and for reliability, Chronbach alpha was employed. In order to study the relationship between research variables and to study hypotheses, the modeling of structural equations has been used with the help of SPSS and AMOS software.Findings indicate that there is a , significant, and positive relationship between knowledge management and technology effectiveness transfer. The only difference is that, knowledge management impacts directly on technology effectiveness transfer only in knowledge-based centers. Likewise, knowledge management indirect impact on successful technology transfer only through knowledge capability whose impact is on knowledge-based centers (35%)and on manufacturing industries(77%) . Manuscript Document
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        5 - Analysis of the factors influencing the growth and sustainability of Knowledge based firms in Iran
        Mohammadsadegh Khayatian habibollah tataiyan mahdi elyasi
        The Knowledge based firms are driving the Knoledge based economy. These firms involve in synergy of science and wealth, developing of Knoledge based economy, achiving of scientific goals, economics and commercialization of the research and development in the field of hi Full Text
        The Knowledge based firms are driving the Knoledge based economy. These firms involve in synergy of science and wealth, developing of Knoledge based economy, achiving of scientific goals, economics and commercialization of the research and development in the field of high technologies. However, due to inherent risks and specific characteristics, the continued growth and stability is one of the challenges for the success of these firms. This paper aims to identify factors in the growth and sustainability Knowledge based firms in Iran. In this context, a qualitative approach was used to explore and identify factors affecting the growth and stability of the Knowledge based firms. In terms of conducting research, structured interviews were used. Statistical Population is the firms that stay in science and technology parks and incubators skins. Statistical sample is 30 managers of successful firms in science and technology parks and incubators, which is an objective judgment sampling method was used. Research findings suggest that in selected cases, the most important factors that influence the growth and sustainability of the Knowledge based firms are: the properties of the fundamental, company profile, company key idea , human resources, market and competition, organization, infrastructure, financing and environmental factors. Manuscript Document
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        6 - Organizational Factors Influencing The Productivity of Academic Technology Transfer Centers
        hojjatollah hajhosseini ghasem ramezanpournargesi samine soltanzadeh
        Since organizarional aspects and specifications directly influence the productivity of academic technology transfer centers, this study investigates organizational factors influencing the productivity of academic technology transfer centers. The statistical population o Full Text
        Since organizarional aspects and specifications directly influence the productivity of academic technology transfer centers, this study investigates organizational factors influencing the productivity of academic technology transfer centers. The statistical population of this study includes professors at University of Tehran's Faculty of Engineering with a scientific and executive experience in technology transfer. This sudy applies forcastive assessment approach. In this regard, a number of experts were requested to discover the factors influencing productivity of academic technology transfer centers based on factors investigated in literature. Of all the questionnaires distributed, 126 questionnaires were collected. Data analysis was performed applying One-tailed Mean Test and Friedman Test using SPSS 22. The results show that technology transfer centers' organizational structure, number of employees, age and previous experience, reward systems, office space and available resources are all the factors influencing the productivity of academic technology transfer centers. Manuscript Document
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        7 - Investigation of the Relationship among factors affecting Science Development, Technology Development and Economic Growth in Iran using System Dynamics
        Hooman Shababi mahmood yahyazadehfar saeid rasekhi meysam shirkhodaei
        Knowledge-Based services and high-tech industries contributions in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of countris are increasing, since these contributions are reaching about 40 percent in countries such as USA. Entrance of Knowledge and technology elements in production func Full Text
        Knowledge-Based services and high-tech industries contributions in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of countris are increasing, since these contributions are reaching about 40 percent in countries such as USA. Entrance of Knowledge and technology elements in production function means an enormous increase in returns and ignorance from the daily importance of technology in economic growth and development will lead to a gap between developed and poor countries, exponentially. The present research reviewed the related literature of the three fields of science development, technology development and economic growth and their relationships thoroughly, and found 14 cofactors that affect the three fields and their relationships. Using experts' suggestions (13 Iranian experts which resides in Iran and abroad), the cofactors were applied in system dynamics approach in Vensim software to test the relationship and dynamics of the three fields in Iran in four different scenarios and in a 10-year period. The results showed that the three fields are interact with eachother in a complex, interwined structure in Iran and political- economic convergence is the key factor in this relationship. The results will be useful for policymakers of the three fields in Iran.   Manuscript Document
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        8 - Driving and restraining forces technological collaboration between large and small technology based firms
        shaban elahi Arman khaledi mahdi majidpour reza asadifard
        With regard to the competitive environment of the business over the past few decades, companies have been innovative to maintain their vitality and position in the business environment. However, since the innovation does not occur in isolation, companies are collaborati Full Text
        With regard to the competitive environment of the business over the past few decades, companies have been innovative to maintain their vitality and position in the business environment. However, since the innovation does not occur in isolation, companies are collaborating with each other to create innovation and technology. Meanwhile, the intensity of technological collaboration between large and small technology based firms is greater in term of their different characteristics, as well as their access to complementary resources. The technological collaboration between companies is a complex and challenging subject, which different factors influencing its formation and success. Therefore, identifying the factors (Driving and restraining forces) affecting technological collaboration and pay attention to them in the process of interaction between large and small technology based firms can help to succeed. for this purpose, using a systematic literature review and searching the "web of Knowledge" database, 1488 articles about technological collaboration were extracted which after evaluating them,57 of them were identified as valid and related articles. In the following, using meta-synthesis methods to analyze and coding the selected articles. The results of coding and their composition suggest that, in total, the factors (Driving and restraining forces) affecting the technological collaboration between large and small technology based firms can be categorized as six dimensions: strategic, organizational features, legal and institutional infrastructures, technology and industry, relational.  It is worth noting that in the article, in addition to the fact that all the factors influencing technological collaboration are identified comprehensively, the type and condition of the influence of factors (Driving forces and Restraining forces) are also discussed Manuscript Document
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        9 - Policy pattern ‌ of Park ‌ Science and technology and company ‌ Knowledge base
        mahboobeh karimi tararani fatah sharifzadeh mir ali davood hosseinpour
        The pattern of science and technology parks like any government line should be carefully designed to lead to the development of innovation. Innovation always plays a crucial role in the economic and social development of countries, which is considered as the main source Full Text
        The pattern of science and technology parks like any government line should be carefully designed to lead to the development of innovation. Innovation always plays a crucial role in the economic and social development of countries, which is considered as the main source of economic growth, improvement of production, the basis for competition and promotion of the level of prosperity. To provide a policy template ­ Park park ­ Science and technology and company ­ Knowledge based on qualitative research method was used in this study. The statistical community includes an exploratory interview with experts (politics ­ Programmers ­ Rizan and managers associated with the field of science and technology parks and company directors ­ Knowledge base). In this research, using qualitative data collection methods and interviewing experts about the current status of the information gathered, then using open source and software coding methods max qda The research pattern was summarized and presented. The result of the research is to identify the dimensions of the external, organizational, institutional, external organizational network that influences the science and technology parks policy and knowledge base companies. Based on the aggregation of experts' opinions, it is suggested that the subject of this research be investigated and compared in other organizational environments (large or small organizations) or in different industries. Manuscript Document
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        10 - Iran's Cognitive Science and Technology Foresight, Using Scenario Planning Approach
        habibollah  tataeian alimorteza birang alinaghi khrazi amir nazemi
        In the near future cognitive science along with nano, bio and information technology (known as NBIC), can lead to a turning point and start a golden age by improving human's mental and physical performance. Based on this, in this research, by exploring foresight activit Full Text
        In the near future cognitive science along with nano, bio and information technology (known as NBIC), can lead to a turning point and start a golden age by improving human's mental and physical performance. Based on this, in this research, by exploring foresight activities of other countries as well as indentifying the effective drivers of the future of cognitive science and technology, we are going to develope the future scenarios of the field in Iran in 2020 horizon. We use two methods inorder to identify the drivers: literature review and interviews with experts. Then, using a delphi survey the future uncertainties has been explored. Thus, the 4 scenarios which depict the future of cognitive science and technologies has been presented by using the 2 dimensional space resulting from the explored below uncertainties: the convergence and divergence of stakeholders and the engineering the mind approach against empowering the mind approach. Manuscript Document
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        11 - Survey the Impact of Information Technology, Knowledge Management, and Marketing capabilities on innovation ambidexterity and New Product Performance
        iman hakimi
        Linking the literature of resource-based view (RBV) with ambidexterity, the purpose of this study is to assess the effect of information technology, knowledge management and Marketing capabilities on innovation ambidexterity and its influence on the performance of new p Full Text
        Linking the literature of resource-based view (RBV) with ambidexterity, the purpose of this study is to assess the effect of information technology, knowledge management and Marketing capabilities on innovation ambidexterity and its influence on the performance of new product development of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) active in the Iranian medical and pharmaceutical industry. To this end, this paper develops an integrative research model, which analyzes the network of relations using covariance-based structural equation modeling on a data set of 294 SMEs present at the 21st International Exhibition of Medical and Pharmaceutical Equipment in Tehran in June 2018. Accordingly, the questionnaires were assigned to senior and middle managers whose primary responsibilities were related to strategic innovation activities of the firms. Findings show that the complementary capabilities of information technology, knowledge management and marketing are positively associated with innovation ambidexterity. In addition, innovation ambidexterity is found to strengthen the the performance of the new product development.   Manuscript Document
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        12 - The Study of impact authentic leadership on the creativity of employees: with regard to the mediatoring of role knowledge sharing and mediating of role use of information technology (Case Study: Isfahan insurance company staff
        maryam ahmadi zahrani
        The purpose of this study is to the effect of authentic leadership on the creativity of employees: with regard to the mediating of role knowledge sharing behavior and use of information technology .This research is in terms of the purpose of applied research and in term Full Text
        The purpose of this study is to the effect of authentic leadership on the creativity of employees: with regard to the mediating of role knowledge sharing behavior and use of information technology .This research is in terms of the purpose of applied research and in terms of the nature and method of the descriptive research is a type of correlation. The population of this research N= 90 number of Employees of Isfahan insurance company Branch Staff.  With Tables set a sample volume the Morgan and Krejcie of n = 73 which were selected by Simple random sampling. To collect the data, researcher-made questionnaires were used based on standard questionnaires of experts. Reliability of questionnaires were confirmed by Cronbach's alpha test. Then these data were analyzed using spss24 software. In the first stage, which is a descriptive analysis, the aggregated data were presented as a table of descriptive statistics and frequency, and bar and circular charts. In the next step, in order to test the hypotheses, Pearson correlation test and structural equation model were used using Smart PLS2 software. The results confirm the direct relationship between authentic leadership and creativity (main hypothesis), as well as the role of mediation of the variable of knowledge sharing behavior in this relation (sub hypothesis 1) were confirmed, but, the moderating role of information technology (sub hypothesis 2) was not approved. Based on research findings, the Behavioral Pattern of Leadership as the root of all modern leadership styles, and the most comprehensive and applicable leadership theory, can solve many of the problems of organizations and positive outcomes, including creativity and The desire to share knowledge in the workplace And managers and authorities of organizations must strive to strengthen the characteristics of this behavioral pattern in order to benefit from it.   Manuscript Document
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        13 - Methods of teaching science and technology with a look at the experiences of industrial countries
        nahid sheikhan
        The fields of engineering and technical possess the great importance in the knowledge-based economy due to the interaction they have with technology and scientific development. Over time, the main trends of engineering education in industrialized countries have been con Full Text
        The fields of engineering and technical possess the great importance in the knowledge-based economy due to the interaction they have with technology and scientific development. Over time, the main trends of engineering education in industrialized countries have been constantly changing, and they tend to be biased toward engineering science and engineering technology. The engineering technology is for immediate and direct industrial needs, and the engineering sciences is to model, analyze, design and acquire basic abilities for entry into graduate education to produce science and innovation. Considering that scientific development is mainly carried out by PhD students by carrying out developmental research in the field of engineering and technical, and the development of technology is realized by senior students and research centers in applied research. Therefore, in this paper, the teaching of science is studied with a look at the experiences of the industrialized countries and the suggestions for improving the methods of engineering education are presented. Manuscript Document
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        14 - Studying Effect of Creativity and Social Capital on Knowledge Management Maturity in IT industry
        Mohammad Hossein Ronaghi
        Knowledge management is a competitive advantage in an organization. Knowledge management maturity models assist organizations to evaluate Knowledge management projects and adopt appropriate strategies for progress. Knowledge has a vital role in achieving organizational Full Text
        Knowledge management is a competitive advantage in an organization. Knowledge management maturity models assist organizations to evaluate Knowledge management projects and adopt appropriate strategies for progress. Knowledge has a vital role in achieving organizational goals. Knowledge is dependent on people and the relationship between them. Accordingly, this research examines the effect of social capital on knowledge management maturity with the role of mediator of creativity. This research is descriptive survey, in which the questionnaire has been used to collect data. The survey sample consists of 378 randomly taken employees and managers of IT industry. Data collected by structural equation software LISREL has been analyzed. The results revealed social capital has a positive and significant effect on creativity and knowledge management maturity.   Manuscript Document
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        15 - The Effects of Organizational Control Environment on Implementation of IT Control Processes
        Nader Rezaei
        The growing use of information technology solutions and applications in business operations has led to a growing need to implement appropriate control procedures. The implementation of IT control processes is affected by organizational control environment. This paper pr Full Text
        The growing use of information technology solutions and applications in business operations has led to a growing need to implement appropriate control procedures. The implementation of IT control processes is affected by organizational control environment. This paper presents the results of an experimental study exploring the influence of organizational control environment components on the domains of IT control processes. One hundred and ninety eight relatively experienced external and internal auditors and accounting managers responded to the mail survey. Results reveal the association between control environment components and IT control processes.The result of study indicates the relationships of control environment components and IT control processes domains. It also endorses the importance of control environment in the implementation of IT control processes. The findings of this study could help auditors and managers and other practitioners in designing and implementing information technology control systems. Manuscript Document
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        16 - A Study on Usability Factor on the Intention and Behavior of Technology Usage in ATAUT2 in Healthcare Environments
        zhila kazemi
        Introduction: Using information and communication technology in healthcare system helps with the improvement in services quality. Hence, using it could provide great advantages for this business. The advantages of this technology reaches its top when it is implemented a Full Text
        Introduction: Using information and communication technology in healthcare system helps with the improvement in services quality. Hence, using it could provide great advantages for this business. The advantages of this technology reaches its top when it is implemented and used successfully. One of the main stages in realization of this goal is the success in acceptance of technology by its users. Hence, identifying the effective factors in successful acceptance of information technology is a vital necessity and acceptance is one of its main factors. Accordingly, this research studies software acceptance along with unified theory of usability and use of technology (UTAUT2) in patients’ use of medical diagnosis laboratories electronic portal in 2015. Methodology: This research is an analytic-descriptive study which was carried out in a cross-sectional form in 2014. The target statistical society included the patients who used Shiraz laboratories portals, which included 170 individuals. For sampling, stratified proportional to size was used to determine the number of samples needed from each studied center and also, purposive sampling was used to select the patients using portals and filling up questionnaires in each center. Data collection tool was a 25-item questionnaire which was adopted from Venkatesh et al. (2012) and Usability Assessment questionnaire. Ultimately, the data derived from the questionnaires was analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), with Partial Least Squares approach and SPSS ver. 20 and Smart-PLS ver.3 software. Findings: Results from this research in Shiraz medical diagnosis laboratories, showed a significant relation between variables added value (t-value=2.88), hedonic motivation (t-value=3.88), habit (t-value=2.22) and usability structure (t-value=5.61) with the structure of intention to use and structures of usability (t-value=3.97) and intention to use (t-value=1.91) with usage behavior. Conclusion: Considering the findings in this study, the following recommendations could be proposed in order for the higher use of portals by the patients: informing patients about the advantages of using these portals, designing portals in a simple and understandable form, and increase in portals’ attractiveness could have a positive and effective impact on laboratory information system success. Manuscript Document
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        17 - Studying the relationship between rate of information technology application with job motivation and job compatibility regarding adjusting role of empowerment and psychology
        aaliyeh mirzae
        Ground: this research aims to study the relationship between information technology application with job motivation and job compatibility regarding adjusting role of empowerment and psychology. Methodology:  this research was conducted using sectional studies and correl Full Text
        Ground: this research aims to study the relationship between information technology application with job motivation and job compatibility regarding adjusting role of empowerment and psychology. Methodology:  this research was conducted using sectional studies and correlation method in a statistical sample containing 732 employees on the executive machines of Kahnuj city. Sample size was determined using Coachran formula equal to 249 people.  And respondents were selected using classified sampling method proportional to class size. Gathering information was done by four questionnaires of information technology,  motivation,  job compatibility and job empowerment of which validity was approved in previous researches and reliability was obtained by Cronbache alpha method. To describe gathered data Spearman statistical test was used.  Gathered information was analyzed using SPSS software. Findings:  correlation coefficient between rate of information technology application with job motivation is equal to 429% with p-value (significance level)  of 0.000 and less than significance level of a=1% . As a result there is a significant relationship between information technology application with job motivation  and correlation coefficient between rate of information technology application with job compatibility is equal to 0.356 and with p-value (significance) of 0.000 and less than significance level of a=1%. As a result there is a significant relationship between rate of information technology application with job compatibility and psychological empowerment do not modify the relationship between information technology with job motivation and job adaptability. Conclusion:  findings show that there is a relationship between information technology application with job compatibility and job motivation according to adjusting role of psychological empowerment , it is suggested to hold training workshop in the field of information technology causing to increase employees' empowerment by which employees' job compatibility and motivation is increased.   Manuscript Document
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        18 - The impact of Information and Communication Technology on Entrepreneurship in Selected Countries
        parvaneh salatin
        Information and communication technology (ICT) has been able to offer significant flexibility in entrepreneurship with various features and capabilities. Increasing speed and accuracy, reducing the physical volume of information storage systems, transparency in processe Full Text
        Information and communication technology (ICT) has been able to offer significant flexibility in entrepreneurship with various features and capabilities. Increasing speed and accuracy, reducing the physical volume of information storage systems, transparency in processes, the possibility of remote work and reducing costs are examples of these features. In this regard, the main purpose of paper is to examine the impact of information and communication technology on entrepreneurship in middle-income countries and high-income countries. This articl is an applied research, causal and inferential research by methodology. The results of the models estimation are presented by fix effect method. Information and communication technology has a positive and significant impact on entrepreneurship Indic in the selected countries. The effect of ICT indicators on entrepreneurship in middle-income countries is higher than the high-income countries.     Manuscript Document
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        19 - The Impact of Information and Communication Technology Education Model on Employee Empowerment
        mojtaba baghdarnia
         The purpose of this study is to identify and determine the effect of information and communication technology education model on staff empowerment of the Ministry of Education headquarters. The research method is quasi-experimental and pre-test and post-test with contr Full Text
         The purpose of this study is to identify and determine the effect of information and communication technology education model on staff empowerment of the Ministry of Education headquarters. The research method is quasi-experimental and pre-test and post-test with control group. The statistical population of the study is employees of the headquarters of the Ministry of Education in the academic year of 2016-2017. Using a random sampling method and Cocrhan formula, the sample size is determined to be 280 people who answered the information and communication technology and empowerment questionnaire. Thoes experts whose empowerment scores were lower than the average were determined, and 60 of them were randomly selected and divided into two equal groups of control and experiment each constituing of 30 people. The data gathering tool is theresearcher-made information and communication technology questionnaire and a pre-made empowerment questionnaire. Using the Cronbach's alpha, the validities of these toolswere estimated as 0.89 and 0.89, respectively.In the next step, the ICT training program isexecutedon the experimental group during eight sessions, and we did not give any trainings to the control group. Subsequently, both groups take the post-test. To analyze the data, covariance analysis and t-test are used. The results of the research shows that ICT training has an impact on empowerment of employees.In fact, ICT trainingwill increase the senses of significance, competency, the right to choose, the feelings of effectiveness and cooperation with others in jobs.In the follow up phase, to evaluate sustainability, the subjects take the same test one month after being trained. As a result, it is concluded that the mean of the pre-test scores and the post-test scores taken after one month have insignificant difference which demonstrates the sustainability of the training.   Manuscript Document
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        20 - The Impact of ICT on Human Development in D-8 Countries
        Ali Rezazadeh
        The main objective of this study is to investigate the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on Human Development Index (HDI) in D-8 countries over the 1990-2015 period. In this regard, GDP, openness and gross capital formation are used as control var Full Text
        The main objective of this study is to investigate the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on Human Development Index (HDI) in D-8 countries over the 1990-2015 period. In this regard, GDP, openness and gross capital formation are used as control variables, and model estimation has been done in the framework of panel cointegration technique. The results show that there is a long-run relationship between variables. Also, all variables have a positive and significant impact on human development index. Therefore, the most important policy recommendation is that D-8 countries, will further increase their human development levels with additional investments in modern information and communication technologies, along with investment in health and education.   Manuscript Document
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        21 - The Effect of Using Information Technology Tools on Information Literacy of Graduate Students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences Allameh Tabatabai
        Ambolbanin keshavarz ruodaki
        Abstract As science and technology grow specially in information and communication technology, it has become an inevitable part of education in universities and educational institutions. The goal of this research is to find the relationship between using these informati Full Text
        Abstract As science and technology grow specially in information and communication technology, it has become an inevitable part of education in universities and educational institutions. The goal of this research is to find the relationship between using these information technology tools in the informational literacy of students in Allameh Tabatabaei University. This research is applied in goal aspect and the variables of this research are qualitative. The population of this research was chosen with the simple accidental approach. A Likert scale questionnaire was distributed among 384 students in different universities of Iran and the reliability of this questionnaire became confirmed by Cronbach’s Alpha. The most important result of this research is that using information technology tools has a positive effect on the information literacy of master and doctorate students, so that as a student uses these tools more, his/her information literacy increases. Keywords: information literacy, information technology tools, assessing informational need, finding information, evaluating information   Manuscript Document
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        22 - IMPLEMENT THE SMART TRAINING SYSTEMS IN THE MOBIL LEARNING WAY
        manzar ezzati abarghani
        This research was carried out to consider the effects of the implementation of the smart training systems in the mobile learning way. The research method was semi-experimental. The statistical society of this study was all first boy students in third grade at smart high Full Text
        This research was carried out to consider the effects of the implementation of the smart training systems in the mobile learning way. The research method was semi-experimental. The statistical society of this study was all first boy students in third grade at smart high schools in Garmsar. The academic year was the first term of 96-97 academic year.                                                                                             The statistical sample was chosen from the high school third grade first students based on the Morgan table and regarding with the society volume. 102 students were chosen in the cluster random method. At first 2 regions were chosen from Garmsar training regions then 2 first high schools was chosen and finally 102 students were selected from the third grade students of these schools.                                                                                                These 102 students were divided randomly into 2 groups (each group had 51 students). The groups were experimental group and control group. Several lessons from English Book were chosen as the training material and before the training, 2 groups gave the pre-test. The control group as usual were trained based on the smart training systems ( smart board , the computer facilities and the technologies related to the electronic management and control) but the experimental group was trained using the smart training systems ( mobile devices such as Tablet and cell phone). After training, the post-test was performed.                                                                                                       The obtained data were analyzed using Spss version 18 software in description statistical level (the average and standard deviation) and deductive              statistical level (independent T statistical test).                                                              The research results showed that the marks of the English lesson for experimental  group ( who had been trained using the smart training systems in the mobile learning way) were higher than the marks of the English lesson for control group ( who had been trained using the smart training systems) ( t: 3/353 , sig: 0/001)                                                                                                                           So we can say that implementing the smart training systems in the mobile learning way have possible effects on the training. Manuscript Document
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        23 - The Impact of Information Technology in the Banking System
        mohamad sajadi
        Electronic banking is one of the achievements of e-commerce. The goal of e-banking is to provide customers with the ability to access banking services without the need for physical presence in the bank and using secure intermediaries. In this paper, we will consider the Full Text
        Electronic banking is one of the achievements of e-commerce. The goal of e-banking is to provide customers with the ability to access banking services without the need for physical presence in the bank and using secure intermediaries. In this paper, we will consider the importance of using e-banking services as well as comparing them with the traditional banking system. Manuscript Document
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        24 - Effectiveness of information technology in monitoring and evaluating public service providers and institutions
        Ehsan Abedini
        This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of information technology in monitoring and evaluating public service providers and institutions in order to extract managerial knowledge. This research is a descriptive survey. Data collection tool was a questionnaire Full Text
        This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of information technology in monitoring and evaluating public service providers and institutions in order to extract managerial knowledge. This research is a descriptive survey. Data collection tool was a questionnaire including demographic information and questions about measuring variables. The statistical population of the present study consisted of employees of executive agencies located in Mazandaran province. The sample size was obtained using the Cochran formula, 346 people. The sampling method is simple random. Data were collected and classified by SPSS V. 21 and LISREL 8.8 software. The results of this study showed that speed, accuracy, reliability and ease of use of information technology have a significant effect on the monitoring and evaluation of services and facilities (p <0.001). In fact, rapid access to information, accelerated data processing, information provision through automation, and information security can lead to better monitoring and evaluation of service providers and institutions. Manuscript Document
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        25 - Investigating the Factors of Success in Application of Information and Communication Technology in School Education
        fatemeh ghadbaklooei
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the success factors in the application of information technology in school education. Today, information and communication technology can be used as a powerful tool for improving quality and training effectiveness. Among the Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the success factors in the application of information technology in school education. Today, information and communication technology can be used as a powerful tool for improving quality and training effectiveness. Among the factors studied, the linkage of information technology with the goals of the school as well as education and culture on the ease and perceived usefulness of the application of information technology have a positive and significant effect. Today  ,in the 21st century, due to the massive amounts of information people have to ward information management is guided. Based on the findings, students are seeing and using equipment different lessons are taught better and easier because of the help teaching is more realistic because of the different senses of the students and more scientific and pleasant. The increasing development of tools based on these techologies and speed of with human needs, it has become a new form of creative and active interactive learning and learning environment and inclusive.   Manuscript Document
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        26 - The effect of information and communication technologies to empower employees by mediating knowledge sharing
        mahdieh abdollahzadeh
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of information technology on empowerment of employees through knowledge sharing. The statistical population consisted of the employees of the University of Urmia. The sample size was 139 by simple random sampling m Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of information technology on empowerment of employees through knowledge sharing. The statistical population consisted of the employees of the University of Urmia. The sample size was 139 by simple random sampling method using Morgan-Krejcy table. Questionnaires were used to collect information, knowledge sharing, information technology and staff empowerment. Validity of the questionnaires was approved by the experts. The internal consistency of the questionnaire questionnaire was confirmed using the Cronbach alpha coefficient. For data analysis, partial least squares method or variance-axis method was used. The results of data analysis show that ICT can predict the variance of employee empowerment either directly or indirectly through knowledge sharing. Manuscript Document
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        27 - The Effect of Flexibility and Integration of Information technology on Organization Performance, Considering the role of Organizational Innovation
        maryam ahmadi
        Today, companies are facing a very intense competition ,that results from technological changes and changes in the  customers' demand. This situation leads to questioning the authenticity of the traditional management models. Companies should effectively overcome on con Full Text
        Today, companies are facing a very intense competition ,that results from technological changes and changes in the  customers' demand. This situation leads to questioning the authenticity of the traditional management models. Companies should effectively overcome on continuous and unexpected changes and also for new challenges of customers at a low cost. Therefore, the ability to react quickly and effectively, a time – based competition and customer satisfaction, have been definitive characteristic competition. In fact, innovation is a necessity for survival against competitors, under variable environments for interaction and management of environmental challenges. In this regard, the purpose of this research is " the impact of the flexibility and integrity of information technology on the performance of the organization "have been due to the role of organizational innovation. The research method has been applied descriptive and survey method. The research community consists of employees and managers of Zamyad automotive manufacturing company, in a sample 249 people answered the standard questionnaire, with34 questions. For the assumptions, structural equation method has been used with the aid of Amos software. The results have shown that the role of organizational innovation in influencing the flexibility and integrity of information technology on organizational performance is positive and meaningfulness. Manuscript Document
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        28 - The Role of Effective factors in Growth of New Technology Based Firms (NTBFs) in Mashhad City
        fateme sanaei pour davood ghoroneh
        The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of facilities of incubators in growth of new technology based firms (NTBF's). Statistical population is the NTBF's located on incubators and technology parks in Mashhad city. Data collecting tools is questionnaire made by t Full Text
        The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of facilities of incubators in growth of new technology based firms (NTBF's). Statistical population is the NTBF's located on incubators and technology parks in Mashhad city. Data collecting tools is questionnaire made by the researcher. For data analysis, correlation and stepwise regression were used. The results showed that an increase in facilities of incubators, NTBF's will be more growth oriented. There is a significant and positive correlation between the facilities of incubators and growth of NTBF's (r=.871). As well as, all components of incubators (establishment in the center, advice provided, benefits of being in the center and services and facilities of the existing infrastructure) with the growth of new technology-based firms (growth in sales, employment and profitability) have a significant positive relationship. The results of stepwise regression analysis show that components of establishment, advice provided, benefits of being in the center and the services and facilities of the existing infrastructure in the incubators, together jointly explained 0.914 of the variance of performance Manuscript Document
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        29 - Investigating the role of university-industry cooperation in the development of countries with a look at global policies and trade
        masoud shafiee hajar safaheih
        Scientific, industrial, economic and social growth and development has always been considered as the most important concern of policy makers in all societies and in the present era, achieving this development is one of the major goals of any country. One of the most wel Full Text
        Scientific, industrial, economic and social growth and development has always been considered as the most important concern of policy makers in all societies and in the present era, achieving this development is one of the major goals of any country. One of the most well-known factors influencing societies in achieving promotion and development is the bilateral cooperation between universities and industries, so that without a proper link between these institutions, the desired development of a society far from imaginable will be. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of this type of cooperation in the development of countries and also to identify and compare the policies, strategies and global experiences of a number of leading countries such as the United States, Britain, Japan and Turkey in this regard. This research was conducted using the library method and content analysis approach, and at the end, solutions for fruitful models to promote university-industry cooperation in the country are presented. Manuscript Document
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        30 - Affecting Factors and challenges on Technology Commercialization in ACECR
        atefeh zolfaghari Hesam  Zand Hesami Morteza Akbari hamid amin esmaili
        This article will identify the chalenlges and factors affecting technology commercialization in ACECR as one of the biggest reserch center in Iran. This study, after extensive study in the literature of the subject with qualitative method and using purposeful sampling, Full Text
        This article will identify the chalenlges and factors affecting technology commercialization in ACECR as one of the biggest reserch center in Iran. This study, after extensive study in the literature of the subject with qualitative method and using purposeful sampling, 27 in-depth interviews were conducted with technologists and experts in ACECR. After analyzing the theme, 215 factors affecting technology commercialization were identified. knowledge and skills, motivation, interest in technology, marketing power, diligence, expertise and Ambidexterity are individual factors and organizational culture, technological attitude of organizational management, existence of appropriate organizational structure, management support, team of experts, encouragement and Self-sufficiency are organizational factors and country needs, government support, market demand, sanctions, economic conditions, industry support, and geographic location are environmental factors. Also, the 120 problems and challenges identified in this study included financial, cultural, legal, human and physical resources problems, market entry, support and organization. The use of new financing methods, the enactment of new standards for standardization of new technologies, the creation of a culture of self-confidence in the country and the commitment of technology producers to better quality production and guarantee service, are the suggestions for solving technology commercialization problems Manuscript Document
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        31 - Technological cooperation, university reproductive company, information and communication technology.
        Fazel  Hajizadeh Ebrahimi Abolfazl Kazazi
        The present study investigates the role of factors affecting the success of technological cooperation between academic and industrial reproductive companies in the field of information and communication technology with the mediating role of intermediary institutions. Th Full Text
        The present study investigates the role of factors affecting the success of technological cooperation between academic and industrial reproductive companies in the field of information and communication technology with the mediating role of intermediary institutions. The present study is applied in terms of purpose and quantitative in terms of type. Among parks and growth centers, 13 parks and growth centers were selected as a statistical sample; In addition, in each of the selected samples, the CEO or a knowledgeable person was selected as the respondent. Therefore, 341 questionnaires were distributed and 317 usable questionnaires were collected. After confirming the validity and reliability of the research, the data were analyzed by SPSS and LISREL software. The results indicate that factors related to industry and academia have a positive and significant effect on the success of technological cooperation. The mediating role of intermediary institutions on the success of technological cooperation was also acknowledged. The findings of this study provide practical and theoretical implications for improving technological cooperation between academia and industry. Manuscript Document