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  • List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - New Framework for Integration of Technology, Innovation and Knowledge Management (TIKM) Process on Production Development
        Samira Shaghaghi sepehr ghazinoory roya shakeri
        The emergence of the knowledge-based economy and, as a result, the increase in the importance of categories such as knowledge, innovation, and technology has increased the focus on concepts such as knowledge management, technology management, and innovation management. More
        The emergence of the knowledge-based economy and, as a result, the increase in the importance of categories such as knowledge, innovation, and technology has increased the focus on concepts such as knowledge management, technology management, and innovation management. This article examines the existing articles and the researches that have been done in relation to the integration of the three areas of knowledge management, innovation and technology, in order to provide a conceptual model for integrating these three areas, which while covering the characteristics of each of these managements, from waste Organizational resources resulting from the overlapping of knowledge management, innovation and technology and their confrontation with each other should be prevented. First, a systematic literature review was conducted in which a wide range of related articles were searched from 1980 to 2021. Then, metacombination method was used to code the findings from previous researches and combine them with each other. At this stage, Perish and MAXQDA software were used for coding. In this study, more than 220 codes were assigned to data units. Then 220 codes were analyzed and similar codes were aggregated. Finally, 24 codes were obtained which were called basic codes. In the next stage, the basic themes of classification and the following five organizing themes were extracted: the principles of innovation-knowledge management, the enablers of innovation-knowledge management, the routine and creation of a culture of integration, the infrastructure of integration, the mechanisms of integration. Finally, a conceptual model is proposed that explains the relationship between these areas and how they interact and overlap, and solutions to integrate them Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The Architure of Health Technological Innovation Ecosystem by Using the System Dynamics; Case Study Innovation Ecosystem of University of Tehran& Tehran University of Medical Sciences
        Alireza Motevallian Amir Albadvi jalil hidari Reza Bandarian
        The innovation ecosystem consists of a group of actors and dynamic processes that provide innovative solutions to new challenges. The main purpose of this research is to design a university-centered innovation ecosystem. For this purpose, ecosystem functions were first More
        The innovation ecosystem consists of a group of actors and dynamic processes that provide innovative solutions to new challenges. The main purpose of this research is to design a university-centered innovation ecosystem. For this purpose, ecosystem functions were first identified through literature review. Due to the limitation of As-Is data in Iran, interviews with stakeholders were chosen as a complementary technique. The second round of interviews were developed to identify the rules and processes of the ecosystem. The results of this study led to the choose Triple Layers core-periphery framework of innovation ecosystem called "Core-Platform-Development & Application". In this framework, the Institute of Health Technological Innovations is placed at the core layer, which is associated with these six platforms: Work Integrated Learning, Idea Generation, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Shared Services, and Investment and Financing. Each of these platforms communicates with actors in that field at the Development & Application layer. After confirming the conceptual architecture with a triangulation technique, the ecosystem interaction model was designed & the results of the architecture in the case study were simulated by system dynamics method. For validation, the simulation results of the model under the two scenarios of continuation of the existing conditions and the establishment of the proposed architecture showed that the proposed architecture will clearly have a positive effect on the model variables in the future. Generally, the results obtained from the implementation of the model in favor of the implementation of architecture in the environment of innovation are studied in UT & TUMS Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Role of Academics' Boundary-Spanning in Organizational Innovation by Mediating Organizational Agility in Technical and Engineering Faculties of Tehran State Universities
        saeid norollahee siroos ghanbari
        The purpose of the research was to investigate the role of academics' boundary-spanning in organizational innovation by mediating organizational agility in technical and engineering faculties of public universities in Tehran. The research method was mixed-exploratory (q More
        The purpose of the research was to investigate the role of academics' boundary-spanning in organizational innovation by mediating organizational agility in technical and engineering faculties of public universities in Tehran. The research method was mixed-exploratory (qualitative-quantitative). In the qualitative part, it was considered to identify the characteristics of academics' boundary-spanning in state universities. So, 15 faculty members of public universities were purposefully selected and interviewed. The interviews were analyzed using coding, and 48 open codes, 9 central codes were identified and they were placed in three categories: Personal characteristics, Job characteristics, and Organizational characteristics of academics' boundary-spanning were placed in three categories. The research method in the quantitative part was descriptive-correlation. The statistical population of technical and engineering faculty members of public universities in Tehran was 2189 people in 1402, which was determined by using Cochran's formula, the sample size was 327 people, and sampling was done using stratified (relative) random sampling. The data was collected using the researcher-made questionnaire of academic's boundary-spanning, questionnaire of organizational innovation and the organizational agility. Cronbach's alpha coefficient and confirmatory factor analysis were used to determine the reliability of the tools. Data analysis was done with Pearson correlation test and structural equation modeling technique with SPSS and LISREL 8.80 software. The findings showed that boundary spanning has a positive effect on organizational innovation and organizational agility, and organizational agility has a significant effect on organizational innovation. Also, the mediating role of organizational agility in the effect of boundary spanning on organizational innovation was confirmed. As a result, in order to survive in a competitive environment, higher education should innovate in the processes of education, research and scientific production by using the strategy of boundary spanning and improving organizational agility Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Analysis of Innovation System Elements in Modernization and Industrial Growth in Iran, England and Denmark (Example of the 19th and 16th centuries AD)
        sayyed atollah sinaee abazar Ashtari Mehrjardi
        The path of modernization and growth of industrial technologies passes through the historical developments of countries, and in this sense, industrial growth is a complex process in which many factors play a role in its realization. Based on the historical experiences o More
        The path of modernization and growth of industrial technologies passes through the historical developments of countries, and in this sense, industrial growth is a complex process in which many factors play a role in its realization. Based on the historical experiences of societies, various theories have been presented regarding industrial development and growth that may emphasize aspects of this phenomenon. This research is based on the research project of Boras and Landvall, comparing the government functions and the historical experience of Iran, regarding the creation of the ball casting and metal melting industry and industrial modernization at the beginning of the 19th century with similar experiences of Cannon, Gun and Butter in two historical periods in England and Denmark and then examines the technology policy of these countries in the form of innovation system theories. The main question is that despite the factors of the innovation system in Iran's industrial modernization experience at the beginning of the 19th century and government measures in this regard, why did the industrial modernization program of Iran not succeed? This research is historical comparative in terms of development goal and in terms of institutional method, and its data was collected by library method. The results show that the lack of institutional evolution and the formation of a systematic interactive relationship between the elements of innovation caused Iran's industrial modernization program and technology policy did not succeed. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Compilation of Customer Purchase Behavior Management Model in Insurance Industry
        Mohammad  Mahmoudi Maymand Taibeh  Ramezani Mohammad Mehdi  Parhizgar Hadi  Movludian
        Increasing competition in the insurance market has made managers of this industry think of a solution for a lasting presence, and finding new customers and maintaining existing customers is a very important success factor for today's businesses. Therefore, the current r More
        Increasing competition in the insurance market has made managers of this industry think of a solution for a lasting presence, and finding new customers and maintaining existing customers is a very important success factor for today's businesses. Therefore, the current research was conducted with the aim of developing a model of customer purchase behavior management in the insurance industry using a mixed method in two qualitative and quantitative sections. The statistical population of the research in the quantitative part included 25 experts from university professors active in the field of insurance, managers and high-ranking specialists of insurance companies who were selected by purposeful sampling. In the first part, 99 identifiers were extracted as factors of customer purchase behavior management with the library study tool, and then they were analyzed and categorized through the Clark and Brown coding method and Max Kyuda software. After screening and measuring their validity using the fuzzy Delphi method and distributing the questionnaire among the group of experts, 85 identifiers were extracted in the form of 19 sub-factors. Validity of Delphi questionnaire questions using content validity analysis with CVI coefficient equal to 0.91 and CVR equal to 88. It has been confirmed. The research results showed that the research model has three main behavioral, structural and contextual variables as the management factors of customer buying behavior Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        6 - e Content of Basics of Visual Arts; An Analysis Based on the Components of Entrepreneurship
        Azam Jamshidi Tavana Zeinab Fazaeli Far Gholamali Ahmadi
        system of education, especially Vocational branch, one of the important trends to develop and grow individuals entrepreneurial skills in people. The purpose of this study is the contents of the book of the visual arts of technical and Professional branch in 2020-2021. T More
        system of education, especially Vocational branch, one of the important trends to develop and grow individuals entrepreneurial skills in people. The purpose of this study is the contents of the book of the visual arts of technical and Professional branch in 2020-2021. The instrument was a content analysis form consisting 7 main components, i.e. success-seeking, risk-taking, accountability, creativity and innovation, tolerance for ambiguity hardworking, and internal control. To confirm the validity and formal and content reliability of the study, the views of experts in educational planning and specialists of entrepreneurship were used. Reliability is calculated 0/81 by using Holsty reliability formula .Content analysis have been analyzed using Shannon entropy method. The results showed that among the seven components studied. The tolerance for ambiguity with the information load is 88.5 and the importance factor of 0.17 is the most attention And the success seeking factor with the amount of information load is 60.42 and the importance coefficient of 0.11 has the least attention. Considering the distribution of entrepreneurship components in the content of the book, in addition to tolerance for ambiguity, it creates a good context for success seeking , riskiness, accountability, hardworking, innovation and creativity, and internal control Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Developing a strategic model for attracting and creating value for higher education management graduates in the governance system of higher education in Iran
        mohsen khosravi Mohammad hasani Reza eidy
        The purpose of this research is to present a strategic model based on which it is possible to explain the attraction and value creation of higher education management graduates in the governance system of higher education in Iran. The current research was qualitative in More
        The purpose of this research is to present a strategic model based on which it is possible to explain the attraction and value creation of higher education management graduates in the governance system of higher education in Iran. The current research was qualitative in terms of research method. Foundation's data theory has been used to build the absorption and valuation model. In this section, 18 experts who are familiar with the topic of attracting and valuing higher education management graduates have been used. Data has been collected by semi-structured interview method. In order to analyze the data, a three-stage process of open, selective and central coding was used with the help of MAXQDA2020 software, and the findings of this process show the paradigm model of attracting and valuing students including 27 main categories and 95 variables including attracting and valuing students as the core. or the main category of the model; 5 causal conditions; 3 background conditions; 3 interfering conditions; 3 strategic conditions and finally 4 consequences were placed. In this regard, considering the key role of higher education graduates in the sustainable development of knowledge and skills, it is required that higher education management graduates have a constructive interaction in the formulation and implementation of macro policies, and through a clear response to their request, their motivation to the increase responsibility for work in educational and executive organizations Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        8 - Evaluate the Effects of Service Innovation, Social Media Marketing, and Social Support on Value Co-creation
        akbar hoshyar Alireza Rousta
        The present research has evaluated the effects of service innovation, social media marketing and social support on value co-creation in Iran Khodro Company.This research is based on the achievement of the development-applicative type and based on the objectives of the d More
        The present research has evaluated the effects of service innovation, social media marketing and social support on value co-creation in Iran Khodro Company.This research is based on the achievement of the development-applicative type and based on the objectives of the descriptive type of the case that the necessary data has been collected by the survey method. The statistical population of the research consisted of two sections, in the first section, all the customers of Iran Khodro Company in the 5 districts of Tehran, and in the second section, the employees of the agencies in the mentioned areas were included. 384 people and 50 people were selected based on available random sampling in the customer section using non-probability quota sampling method. Regarding the theoretical foundations and background of the research, using library resources and in the field part, the tool for collecting information is a standard questionnaire. The data were analyzed by structural equation modeling using Smart PLS software. The results of research hypotheses indicate that social media marketing, service innovation has an effect on value co-creation from both customers and employees, and the effect of social support on value co-creation is confirmed by employees but not by customers. Not approved. Therefore, focusing on innovation in services, organizations should try to strengthen value co-creation through social media marketing and social support from both the perspective of employees and customers. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        9 - Identifying Factors and Indicators Affecting the Development of Urban Management Based on Modern Intelligent Communication Technologies Based on a Qualitative Approac
        Mehdi Askari Kachoosangi bibi sadat miresmaeili afshin Mohammadi HamidReza   Hoseini Dana Seyyed Reza  Naqib al-Sadat
        Based on the purpose, this research is an applied-developmental research, because it seeks to find a suitable model for new intelligent communication technologies in the development of urban management. On the other hand, based on the method and time period of data coll More
        Based on the purpose, this research is an applied-developmental research, because it seeks to find a suitable model for new intelligent communication technologies in the development of urban management. On the other hand, based on the method and time period of data collection, it is a descriptive (non-experimental) research that was conducted with a cross-sectional survey method. Also, this study is based on a qualitative approach from the perspective of the nature of the data. In the first part, based on library studies and then expert interviews, the indicators of new intelligent communication technologies in the development of urban management have been identified. After the qualitative analysis stage, questionnaires were distributed and data was collected from experts in the field of media and urban management. The statistical population in the qualitative section includes 17experts in the field of study and media activists and urban management of the country. The qualitative results of this research showed that the optimal pattern of new intelligent communication technologies includes the categories of causal conditions (digital world, virtual world technology), contextual conditions (urban management), central phenomenon (new technologies), intervening conditions ( governments and citizens), strategies and actions (smart city), consequences smart transportation and environment, smart government and economy, smart people and life, (smart city). It is worth mentioning that MAXQDA software was used in grounded theory analysis Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        10 - Developing an Innovative Marketing Model of Organic Products with a Future Research Approach
        sharareh hezarkhani asghar moshabeki esfahani fataneh alizadeh meshkani abdollah naami
        Organic agriculture is known as an insight and system of production of agricultural products that emphasizes the production of healthy products. In this regard, the current research has been conducted with the aim of presenting an innovative marketing model of organic p More
        Organic agriculture is known as an insight and system of production of agricultural products that emphasizes the production of healthy products. In this regard, the current research has been conducted with the aim of presenting an innovative marketing model of organic products with a future research approach. From the point of view of the goal, this study is a fundamental research that was conducted with the qualitative research method and based on deductive-inductive reasoning. The statistical population of this research was theoretical experts (professors of marketing management) and experimental experts (managers of knowledge-based companies in the agricultural sector). Sampling was done in a non-probability and purposeful way. The data collection tool was interview. To analyze the expert interviews, the prospective research method was used and the relevant indicators were identified and finally the final model of the research was presented. Research data analysis was done with TI Atlas software. Based on the results of the research, economic drivers, laws, politics, subsidies, construction and rental, environmental and health as influential variables, location drivers, social, personnel, innovative productions as independent variables, cultural drivers, special services, competitors , exchange rate and inflation and planning services as linked variables and influential drivers of export, strategy, physical services, direct advertising, skill training, job satisfaction and young customers as influential variables Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        11 - Presenting a Small Buisiness Model in Cyberspace with an Entrepreneurial Approch
        hamed bahadorian serajaldin mohebi hosein mansoori
        The purpose of this research is to present the small business model in cyberspace with an entrepreneurial approach. In terms of practical purpose, the research is survey-descriptive; in terms of data collection, the research approach is inductive reasoning and explorato More
        The purpose of this research is to present the small business model in cyberspace with an entrepreneurial approach. In terms of practical purpose, the research is survey-descriptive; in terms of data collection, the research approach is inductive reasoning and exploratory mixed research strategy in which qualitative research is used in the first stage and quantitative research in the second stage. The method of collecting information in the qualitative part was in-depth interviews. For this purpose, theoretical sampling was done from the research community, which includes experts and managers in the field of business in virtual space and professors in the field of software (business). In this way, with thirty people interviews have been conducted. In the quantitative part of the research, data were collected using a questionnaire. The sampling method was stratified random in a proportional way. To determine the sample size in a limited population, 77 people were selected by using Cochran's method. In the qualitative part (grounded theory), data analysis was used on the basic theory and the coding process. In the quantitative part of the research, after collecting and summarizing the data, descriptive tests, exploratory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling were used using SPSS 24 and PLS Smart 2 software. The findings showed that knowing human relations, investing in entrepreneurship, keeping up with the fast-paced changes in the world, requirements of virtual business, knowing the characteristics of the market and characteristics of the buyer, are the effective factors on the small business model in the virtual space with an entrepreneurial approach Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        12 - Risk Parity Portfolio Optimization Based on CVaR
        Seyed javad  Pourhoseini sayyed mohammad reza davoodi Mansour Momeni
        Risk parity is one of the stock portfolio selection models that has received much attention after the American financial crisis in 2008. The philosophy of this model is to allocate the risk of the portfolio to the same extent among its constituent assets. Conditional va More
        Risk parity is one of the stock portfolio selection models that has received much attention after the American financial crisis in 2008. The philosophy of this model is to allocate the risk of the portfolio to the same extent among its constituent assets. Conditional value at risk is one of the popular and common measures of risk measurement in finance, which measures the mathematical expectation of loss of a stock portfolio for values beyond a threshold value and at a known confidence level and time horizon. The aim of the current research is to design and optimize the performance of the risk parity stock portfolio model with the criterion of conditional risk value. There are different approaches in modeling optimal portfolio selection that use different criteria and methods to calculate and estimate returns and risks. Various criteria have been proposed to measure risk in finance, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages. One of the criteria that has been introduced with the aim of reducing the disadvantages of the common and popular measure of value at risk is the conditional value at risk or expected drop, which is used as a measure of risk in the present study. Conditional value at risk measures the average loss of the portfolio for cases where the amount of loss exceeds value at risk Manuscript profile