• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Identify the distinguishing dimensions of the agent in the native international businesses in the field of ICTv
        davood feiz ali akbar jalali Azim zarei Ehsan Souri
        Despite the significant growth of international congenital companies, especially in the field of information and communication technology in the world, in Iran, but the number of congenital companies International ICT is scarce. The aim of this study was to identify th More
        Despite the significant growth of international congenital companies, especially in the field of information and communication technology in the world, in Iran, but the number of congenital companies International ICT is scarce. The aim of this study was to identify the distinctive features of the internal agent of the company in congenital companies The ratio between algorithms compared to other IT technologies is their success in global markets. The "case study" strategy for this qualitative applied research and the analysis method were a combination of "explanation" and "case study integration". The audience for the semi-sample in-depth interviews with members and experts of the company was sixty-eight.Ten companies were selected by stratified random sampling method and studied over twenty-six months. Atlas ti analytical software is used to encode the data and Xmind software is used to draw the model. The research findings indicate that "communication", "international presence", "values", "marketing", "strategy", "human capital" and "production method" are the distinguishing features of companies to succeed in Fast entry into international markets. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Rooting of Loose Engagement of Iranian Universities with Industry from the Higher Education Informants
        reza mahdi masoud shafiee
        If universities functioned in a stable environment, the demands for leadership would be modest. Mission, vision, programs, strategies, and policies could simply be put on automatic pilot. Automatic pilots don’t work for universities. Environment is in continual context, More
        If universities functioned in a stable environment, the demands for leadership would be modest. Mission, vision, programs, strategies, and policies could simply be put on automatic pilot. Automatic pilots don’t work for universities. Environment is in continual context, and the results and consequences of these changes for the future of universities are profound. Sound, creative and empowering leadership is indispensable, and it spells the difference between productive, sustainable universities and those that are in continual crisis and failing. One need only reflect on the change that has come about in university over the last century. The very mission and scale of universities have been transformed. Universities are altering the ways and means of teaching and learning. New directions and methods in research and service to society are evolving. The costs-benefits of the academic enterprise are in continual fluctuation and open to challenge. The roles of faculty are different, as are campus cultures. The very definition of precisely who is served and touched by universities is in transition. Leading change is clearly the most difficult and taxing challenge faced by university managers and leaders. Occupying a position of leadership and exercising the role of manager and leader are entirely different.Too many positions of leadership are filled by those who occupy the chair and carry the title but fail to lead universities in ways that enable them to adapt to a demanding environment, optimize their mission, align with values, and produce a lasting contribution to society. It does not speak to the position of leadership, to title, or to mere survival skills; rather it speaks to the creative act, the behavior, the hard work, and the skill and competency of leadership and management Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Assessing the effect of macroeconomic shocks on systemic risk of the banking system using the SVAR model in Iran
        ali ostadhashemi seyed jalal sharif ali Souri
        In this study, we have used the total capital market index (TEDPIX) as an index of the real sector of the economy and the index of banks and credit financial institutions as an index that explains the developments of the banking system. Also, oil revenues, exchange rate More
        In this study, we have used the total capital market index (TEDPIX) as an index of the real sector of the economy and the index of banks and credit financial institutions as an index that explains the developments of the banking system. Also, oil revenues, exchange rate uncertainty, tax revenues, liquidity, nominal interest rates, inflation uncertainty and GDP have been used as macroeconomic variables in the research period (1370-1396). To estimate the systemic risk of the banking system, the quarterly data of the banks' index is used and the value at risk of the return of the seasonal data of the index is estimated using an exponential GARCH model. In order to model the interaction of macroeconomic variables and systemic risk of the banking system, an unrestricted vector autoregression (VAR) model was estimated and then using instantaneous impact functions and based on Chulsky analysis, systemic risk response to other variables was investigated and analyzed. In order to identify the channels of impact of economic shocks on the systemic risk of the banking system, based on the structures of the Iranian economy, a structural vector autoregression (SVAR) model was specified and then the instantaneous impact functions were extracted and the effect of macro variable shocks on the systemic risk of the banking system was investigated. Also, the effect of systemic risk of the banking system on macroeconomic variables was investigated and analyzed using instantaneous impact functions. Finally, the interaction model of macroeconomic variables and systemic risk of the banking system was approved using the vector autoregressive model. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Affecting Factors and challenges on Technology Commercialization in ACECR
        atefeh zolfaghari Hesam  Zand Hesami Morteza Akbari hamid amin esmaili
        This article will identify the chalenlges and factors affecting technology commercialization in ACECR as one of the biggest reserch center in Iran. This study, after extensive study in the literature of the subject with qualitative method and using purposeful sampling, More
        This article will identify the chalenlges and factors affecting technology commercialization in ACECR as one of the biggest reserch center in Iran. This study, after extensive study in the literature of the subject with qualitative method and using purposeful sampling, 27 in-depth interviews were conducted with technologists and experts in ACECR. After analyzing the theme, 215 factors affecting technology commercialization were identified. knowledge and skills, motivation, interest in technology, marketing power, diligence, expertise and Ambidexterity are individual factors and organizational culture, technological attitude of organizational management, existence of appropriate organizational structure, management support, team of experts, encouragement and Self-sufficiency are organizational factors and country needs, government support, market demand, sanctions, economic conditions, industry support, and geographic location are environmental factors. Also, the 120 problems and challenges identified in this study included financial, cultural, legal, human and physical resources problems, market entry, support and organization. The use of new financing methods, the enactment of new standards for standardization of new technologies, the creation of a culture of self-confidence in the country and the commitment of technology producers to better quality production and guarantee service, are the suggestions for solving technology commercialization problems Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Presenting a Model to Improve the Performance of Government Organizations with Emphasis on Innovation and Organizational Values: An Interpretive Structural Modeling Approach
        Ismail  Ghaderifar Mir Hadi Moazen Jamshidi abbasali Arfa
        The purpose of this study is to provide a model to improve the performance of government organizations with an emphasis on innovation and organizational values. The participant of the study consists of university professors and experts in the field of study who have bee More
        The purpose of this study is to provide a model to improve the performance of government organizations with an emphasis on innovation and organizational values. The participant of the study consists of university professors and experts in the field of study who have been selected by purposive sampling. Finally, 10 university professors and experts, including managers and experts in the field of organization, answered the questions. Experts in this study were people who had at least 15 years of experience in studying, teaching or working in the field of government organizations and organizational performance. Sampling continued until the theoretical saturation stage. Also, to determine the reliability of the measuring instrument, the value of ICC coefficient in terms of compatibility and absolute agreement was approved. Interpretive structural modeling approach using Matlab software was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the staff empowerment factor in relation to the research topic and presenting an effective model in order to improve and enhance the performance of government organizations has the highest impact and the least impact and this factor has been targeted as a variable of this research. Also, the research findings showed that the transformational leadership factor has the most impact and the least impact in the current model from other components. This factor is due to high conductivity and low dependence of influential variables or in other words stimuli Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Prioritizing obstacles of industry - university interaction in order to develop of intelligent urban transportation infrastructures using Fuzzy AHP
        Hamzeh Amin-Tahmasbi aboozar ghorbani
        Any society to achieve real and sustainable development goals requires continuous interaction between scientific and technical institutions, takes form in the template of university and industry. In fact, universities are generating knowledge and transferring it to scho More
        Any society to achieve real and sustainable development goals requires continuous interaction between scientific and technical institutions, takes form in the template of university and industry. In fact, universities are generating knowledge and transferring it to scholars, the industry also works to apply knowledge and shares its expectations to university research teams, and they present their ideas, findings and outcomes to the industry. Transportation science also is no exception, and in recent years, it has introduced and implemented new technologies called Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) in universal level. Studies in Iran show that transferring knowledge between university and intelligent transportation industry face challenges and obstacles that have led industry owners to the direction of assembling imported components and escaping from universities. This study aims to explanation and interpretation of viewpoints of university and industry section experts about obstacles that affect transferring knowledge between these two institutions in line with implementation of intelligent urban transportation. In this research, firstgy determined effective indices of industry – university interaction obstacles by searching library and documentation resources. Fuzzy Delfi is used to sieve indices and identifying final submeasures. As 43 suggested obstacles were initially available to transportation science experts and by this technic, at first stage 27 obstacles and then, 15 obstacles were chosen for evaluation and ranking. Ranking was also done though fuzzy AHP. Results showed that lack of necessary infrastructures in ITS industry, and lack of applicability in science production areb the main obstacles of industry – university interaction in order to develop infrastructures of intelligent urban transportation Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Technological cooperation, university reproductive company, information and communication technology.
        Fazel  Hajizadeh Ebrahimi Abolfazl Kazazi
        The present study investigates the role of factors affecting the success of technological cooperation between academic and industrial reproductive companies in the field of information and communication technology with the mediating role of intermediary institutions. Th More
        The present study investigates the role of factors affecting the success of technological cooperation between academic and industrial reproductive companies in the field of information and communication technology with the mediating role of intermediary institutions. The present study is applied in terms of purpose and quantitative in terms of type. Among parks and growth centers, 13 parks and growth centers were selected as a statistical sample; In addition, in each of the selected samples, the CEO or a knowledgeable person was selected as the respondent. Therefore, 341 questionnaires were distributed and 317 usable questionnaires were collected. After confirming the validity and reliability of the research, the data were analyzed by SPSS and LISREL software. The results indicate that factors related to industry and academia have a positive and significant effect on the success of technological cooperation. The mediating role of intermediary institutions on the success of technological cooperation was also acknowledged. The findings of this study provide practical and theoretical implications for improving technological cooperation between academia and industry. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        8 - The relationship between corporate entrepreneurship and urban sustainable development by using the pattern of entrepreneurial city
        Babak Ziyae mehran rezvani Mohammad Eynolghozat
        With the increase of urbanization, many economic and social problems have arisen, so the urban management system using various tools and policies to create sustainable development in metropolitan areas. One of these policies is the development of the entrepreneurial cit More
        With the increase of urbanization, many economic and social problems have arisen, so the urban management system using various tools and policies to create sustainable development in metropolitan areas. One of these policies is the development of the entrepreneurial city. The aim of this study is to explain the role of corporate entrepreneurship in the process of forming an entrepreneurial city as a strategy for sustainable development. Also; the role of corporate entrepreneurship in creating the necessary infrastructure to create an entrepreneurial city has been contemplated. The research method is qualitative and grounded theory as an emergent method is used, so that first qualitative data were obtained by examining the research background and using the systematic review method and also using content analysis tools, collection and the basic structure of classification of variables. Then, according to the life experience of the authors of the research, each of whom has scientific and practical expertise in the field of this research, the main variables and components of the research were extracted and finally the conceptual model of the research was obtained. Findings showed that while classifying the components into three categories: 1- structural conditions 2- social interaction of agents and structure 3- outcomes; The entrepreneurial city is proposed as a new policy in the sustainable development of metropolises that the entrepreneurial city is a new policy in sustainable development of metropolises and one of the ways to create it is the development of corporate entrepreneurship so that corporate entrepreneurship and economic performance of metropolises have a positive and significant relationship with each other. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        9 - Provide a model for successful entry into the food products market of the region (Case study of Iraq)
        mohammad talari mohammad reza fallah parisa esmaeili
        According to the policies of the resistance economy, paying attention to the markets of the countries of the region is one of the most important tools to increase economic resilience. Meanwhile, the food industry, as one of the most important large manufacturing-economi More
        According to the policies of the resistance economy, paying attention to the markets of the countries of the region is one of the most important tools to increase economic resilience. Meanwhile, the food industry, as one of the most important large manufacturing-economic industries in the country, should have a special look at the cause, why and how to decide to buy foreign customers. The aim of this study is to provide a model for successful entry into the Iraqi food market. The approach of the present study is quantitative and applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-survey in terms of data collection method. The statistical population of this study consists of buyers of Iraqi stores and supermarkets. Sampling is available in this study and has been done among customers of stores and supermarkets located in Iraq and in the cities of Najaf and Karbala, Baghdad, Basra, Nasiriyah, Hillah and Kohl, according to the Cochran's formula, 384 Iraqi buyers have been selected. The data collection tool is a researcher-made questionnaire that is validated by experts and its reliability through Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 863 /. Confirmed. Structural equation modeling has been used to analyze the data. The results show that "market overlap", which includes "marketing, facilitation and psychological factors" alone, cannot affect the intention to buy Iraqi customers alone and must be "internalized culture" which acts as a mediating variable. And "religious factors and values and preferences" have been used to influence the purchase of Iraqi consumers. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        10 - Providing university management model based on green thinking
        Golshan Moradi nader soleymani hamid shafizadeh
        Globalization, increasing pollution and creating environmental concerns, in today's knowledge-based, competitive, accountable and participatory environment, forced university management to make changes in applying management models, accepting green strategies and app More
        Globalization, increasing pollution and creating environmental concerns, in today's knowledge-based, competitive, accountable and participatory environment, forced university management to make changes in applying management models, accepting green strategies and applying green management as a new paradigm in all its organizational activities. For this purpose, the present study was conducted to provide a university management model based on green thinking. This research is "fundamental-applied" in terms of purpose, as well as "qualitative" in terms of data type and in terms of implementation is based on the data-driven theory ". The researcher conducts Semistructured interviews until reaching data saturation with 15 participants based on purposeful and snowball samplings from the managers and experts of the Environmental Protection Organization, the Renewable Energy Organization, Ministry of Oil, as well as managers of the country's green universities. Analysis of obtained data was performed in three stages of open, axial, and selective coding. The qualitative research model was designed base on this analysis. The results of research extract 576 primary codes from interviews as well as 43 concepts and 16 categories which are conceptualized and categorized in the form of Strauss and Corbin paradigm model including nuclear phenomenon, causal factors, contextual conditions, interfering factors, strategies, and consequences Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        11 - A dairy Products Green Supply Chain model with Emphasis on Customer Satisfaction: Combining Interpretive Structural Modeling Approach and Analytical Network Process
        heydar Safari rashid Zolfaghari Zafarani Mohsen  Mohammadian Saravi
        Changing the energy-based economy to a knowledge-based economy, increasing the level of education of the society, raising the standard of living standards, increasing the international complexities have led to many changes in the management of the organization. To overc More
        Changing the energy-based economy to a knowledge-based economy, increasing the level of education of the society, raising the standard of living standards, increasing the international complexities have led to many changes in the management of the organization. To overcome these challenges, future organizations must be able to harness and develop the potential of their talents. Talents are the rarest resource in the current knowledge-based market. In the wake of the globalization of the economy, the downsizing of most public and private organizations, rapid environmental developments and global challenges, the need for organizations to have capable and experienced leaders. Despite the global need and attention to talent, the principles of talent management in all organizations follow the same rules. Talent management includes a set of plans that, in general, make effective use of these individuals to achieve the goals of business and achievement. In this research, with the aim of identifying the variables affecting talent management with the approach of managers' capabilities, Delphi method has been performed by 50 experts. After collecting data and conducting interviews and Delphi method in 2 replications and confirmation of validity and reliability tests using CVR, reflectivity and Cronbach's alpha, the final model is calculated in 3 main components, 14 dimensions and 59 indicators. Among these, management support, engaging talented people, increasing learning capacity, self-centered learning, continuing education, setting criteria for promotion, appreciation and creating internal motivation with an average of 4.9 have been identified as the most effective factors. Finally, the structural model with the partial least squares method was approved by PLS software with a GOF fit coefficient of 0.58. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        12 - Presenting a human resource development model focusing on productivity in the country's tax administration using the structural equation approach
        Mansour  Gholizadeh reshid Zolfaghari Zafarani Mohsen  Mohammadian Saravi
        Human resource development is an important part of human resource management and in fact a kind of complement to human resource management. Garavan believes that human resource development is considered very important because its scope is much wider than human resource More
        Human resource development is an important part of human resource management and in fact a kind of complement to human resource management. Garavan believes that human resource development is considered very important because its scope is much wider than human resource management (Garavan et al., 2012). The first efforts to develop human resources began in the 18th century with the establishment of the first technical school (Al-Faki, 2015). Today, human resources are the main assets and capital of the organization and the main factor of competitive advantage of organizations and this source is the only capital and assets in the organization that can not be imitated and has a unique feature. In addition, this resource is one of the assets that can grow. And development, and this development can only be achieved through learning and knowledge, and human resource development emphasizes the leadership perspective on employees to gain knowledge, expertise, experience and efficient decision-making and problem-solving skills in the organization. In this study, with the aim of identifying the variables affecting human resource development with a focus on productivity in the country's tax affairs organization, the Delphi method has been performed by 15 experts. After collecting data and conducting interviews and Delphi method in 2 replications and confirmation of validity and reliability tests using CVR, Cronbach's reflectivity and alpha, the final model is calculated in 4 main components, 15 dimensions and 53 indicators. Among these, group dynamics and team spirit, motivations for success and talent assessment and completion of talent banks from employees, documentation and continuity in learning, motivation and success among employees with an average weight of 4.9 are the most important factors identified. Finally, the structural model by partial least squares method was approved by PLS software with a sample of 251 people with a GOF fit coefficient of 0.63. Manuscript profile