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      • Open Access Article

        1 - Relationship between achievement-motive, innovation, ambiguity tolerance, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and self-actualization and entrepreneurial orientation University’s students
        حسن محمودیان afsane lotfiazimi moslem abbasi ehsan jamali roya mahmoudi
        Abstract Objective of this study is surveying relationship between achievement-motive, innovation, ambiguity tolerance, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and self-actualization. with entrepreneurial orientation of Ardabil Azad University’s students. Sample of this study was c Full Text
        Abstract Objective of this study is surveying relationship between achievement-motive, innovation, ambiguity tolerance, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and self-actualization. with entrepreneurial orientation of Ardabil Azad University’s students. Sample of this study was comprised of 400 students (of Bachelor’s level) in the Kazeron Azad University at 2012-2013, selected by cluster sampling. Following tools were used for data collection entrepreneurial orientation test, achievement motive questionnaire, , innovation scale, ambiguity tolerance scale, self-efficacy questionnaire, self-esteem questionnaire & self-actualization questionnaire. Results of Pearson correlation coefficient showed that entrepreneurial orientation has significant positive relationship with these variables achievement-motive, innovation, ambiguity tolerance, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and self-actualizatio(P<0/01). Results multivariate regression analysis showed that achievement motive, innovation & self-esteem have significant share in the prediction of entrepreneurship of students. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Effects of Network Structure, Knowledge Stock and Absorptive Capacity on Innovative Performance of Knowledge- Based Companies
        Morteza Akbari saheb imani roya mahmoudi hoda abedi hadi toloasl
        The innovative performance of companies has been studied quite extensively and for a long period of time. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of network structure, knowledge stock and absorptive capacity on innovative performance of Tehran knowledge- ba Full Text
        The innovative performance of companies has been studied quite extensively and for a long period of time. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of network structure, knowledge stock and absorptive capacity on innovative performance of Tehran knowledge- based companies. About 132 companies were selected as the sample in Tehran province, Iran. In order to collect data, standard questionnaires of innovative performance with 10 questions, absorption capacity with 8 questions, network structure with 4 questions, and knowledge stock were also used with 7 questions. In all items were measured using a five-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (totally disagree) to 5 (totally agree). Data collected through a questionnaire which its validity confirmed by experts and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) software Smart- PLS 2.0. The results showed that the network structure, knowledge stock and absorptive capacity effect on performance knowledge-based companies. Also, the absorptive capacity have had partial and complete (perfect) mediating role on the relationship between knowledge stock with innovative performance and network structure with innovative performance. In addition, the absorptive capacity (0.48) has the largest and network structure has the lowest rank in explaining performance of innovative companies. Manuscript Document